Breast cancer metastasis burden in sentinel nodes analysed using one-step nucleic acid amplification predicts axillary nodal status
Milner TD., de Lusignan S., Jones S., Jackson PA., Layer GT., Kissin MW., Irvine TE.
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Background: In breast cancer patients undergoing sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) analysis using one-step nucleic acid amplification (OSNA), clarity is required as to the risk factors for non-sentinel lymph node (NSLN) involvement upon axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). This study aims to identify these factors, including categorising by extent of sentinel node positivity: solitary positive node (solitary), multiple nodes with some positive (multiple incomplete positive), or multiple nodes all of which are positive (multiple all positive). Methods: We conducted a cohort study using prospectively collected data on 856 SLNBs analysed using OSNA, from patients with cT1-3 clinically node-negative invasive breast cancer. ALND was performed for 289 positive SLNBs. Results: NSLN metastases were identified in 73 (25.3%) ALNDs. Significant factors for NSLN involvement on multivariate analysis were: SLNB macrometastases (cytokeratin-19 mRNA count >5000 copies/μl) (adj.OR = 3.01; 95% CI, 1.61-5.66; p = 0.0006), multiple all positive vs. multiple incomplete positive SLNB (adj.OR = 2.92; 95% CI, 1.38-6.19; p = 0.0050), and undergoing mastectomy (adj.OR = 1.89; 95% CI, 1.00-3.55; p = 0.0486). Amongst multiple incomplete positive SLNBs, an 8.8% NSLN risk was identified when only micrometastases were present. Conclusion: Extent of sentinel lymph node positivity measured using OSNA predicts NSLN metastasis risk, aiding decisions surrounding axillary treatment.