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BACKGROUND: To improve the management of childhood urinary tract infections, it is essential to understand the incidence rates, testing and treatment strategy. METHODS: A retrospective study using data from 45 to 104 general practices (2000 to 2020) in Flanders (Belgium). We calculated the incidence rates (per 1000 person-years) of cystitis, pyelonephritis, and lab-based urine tests per age (

Original publication




Journal article


BMC Prim Care

Publication Date





Anti-bacterial agents, General practice, General practitioners, Incidence, Retrospective studies, Urinalysis, Urinary tract infections, Anti-Bacterial Agents, Child, Child, Preschool, Cystitis, Female, Humans, Incidence, Male, Pyelonephritis, Registries, Retrospective Studies, Urinary Tract Infections