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BackgroundPediatric patients undergo a variety of painful medical procedures.PurposeThe goal of this quality improvement study was to introduce a humanoid robot (MEDi®) programmed with strategies, such as distraction and deep breathing, at inpatient and outpatient units to determine any preliminary effects on children’s pain and fear during medical procedures.MethodsA nonrandomized two-group pre- and posttest design was used to compare pain and fear of children before and after intervention versus standard care. A total of 46 children aged 2–15 years undergoing various medical procedures in a pediatric hospital, and their parents completed the Children’s Fear Scale and the Faces Pain Scale-Revised. The former was used both before and after the procedure, while the latter only after the procedure.ResultsChildren ( n = 18), who interacted with the robot before and during a procedure, and their parents reported significantly lower levels of fear and pain than did children ( n = 28) and their parents in standard care, ps < .05.ConclusionsThe use of a humanoid robot programmed with psychological strategies to support coping may enhance children’s experiences of care for pain management.

Original publication




Journal article


Canadian Journal of Nursing Research


SAGE Publications

Publication Date





328 - 334