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The Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group has created risk of bias tools which are topic-agnostic. In 2012 the Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group created guidance specific to considerations for reviews of randomized controlled trials of tobacco cessation interventions, building on existing Cochrane tools. The guidance covers issues relating to selection bias, performance bias, detection bias, attrition bias, and selective reporting. In this paper, we set out to make this guidance publicly available, so that others can use and cite it. We provide advice for using this tool to appraise trials critically as a systematic reviewer. We also provide guidance for triallists on ways to use this tool to improve trial design and reporting.

Original publication




Journal article


Addiction (Abingdon, England)

Publication Date



Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, UK.