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Surgical approaches to hepatic metastases occupy an important role in the management of patients with neuroendocrine neoplasms and may have curative or palliative intentions. Resection of hepatic disease with curative intent is the only modality offering potential cure for patients with liver metastases; however, only a minority of patients are eligible. Regardless of resection margin, disease recurrence almost invariably occurs and novel adjuvant/neoadjuvant therapies are mandated to be included within multimodal treatment concepts. Liver transplantation in meticulously selected patients may be associated with excellent outcomes, but unfortunately demands on donated organs limit the wider utilization of this approach.

Original publication




Journal article


Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America

Publication Date





627 - 643