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CVD causes over 4.3 million deaths in Europe and over 2.0 million deaths in the EU each year. CVD is the main cause of death in women in all countries of Europe and is the main cause of death in men in all countries except France, the Netherlands and Spain. Overall CVD is estimated to cost the EU economy h192 billion a year. For further statistics on CVD in Europe see our website:, , © Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Original publication




Journal article


European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation

Publication Date