The antibody response following a booster with either a 10- or 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in toddlers primed with a 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in early infancy
© 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. Background: Both the 13- and 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV-13; PCV-10) are immunogenic and effective against vaccine-type pneumococcal disease when given to young children. However, limited data are available regarding the interchangeability of these 2 vaccines. Methods: UK children (n = 178) who had previously been vaccinated with PCV-13 at 2 and 4 months were randomized to receive either a PCV-13 or a PCV-10 booster at 12 months of age. PCV-13 vaccine-type antipolysaccharide serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) concentrations and opsonophagocytic assay titers were measured before and at 1 and 12 months following vaccination. The primary objective was to assess noninferiority of PCV-10 compared with PCV-13. Results: For 8 of the PCV-10 serotypes at least 97% of participants in both groups had IgG concentrations ≥0.35 g/mL at 1 month after vaccination; inferior responses were seen for serotypes 5 and 9V following the PCV-10 compared with the PCV-13 booster. Post booster geometric mean IgG concentrations and opsonophagocytic assay titers were significantly superior for most serotypes in PCV-13 compared with PCV-10 recipients, whereas similar or inferior responses were seen for serotypes 4, 18C, and 19F. Although some increase in antibody was seen in PCV-10 recipients against the serotypes 6A and 19A (serotypes that cross-react with 6B and 19F in PCV-10, respectively) at 1-month post booster, these responses were significantly lower than in the PCV-13 group. Conclusions: In PCV-13 primed infants, a PCV-10 booster is generally less immunogenic than a PCV-13 booster. For the 3 serotypes in PCV-10 with higher antigen content and/or conjugation to diphtheria or tetanus toxoid carrier proteins, higher or similar booster responses were seen in PCV-10 recipients. Although these findings suggest that responses are generally better with a PCV-13 booster among PCV-13 primed children, the clinical significance of these differences in immunogenicity is unclear.