Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

© 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. Background: Both the 13- and 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV-13; PCV-10) are immunogenic and effective against vaccine-type pneumococcal disease when given to young children. However, limited data are available regarding the interchangeability of these 2 vaccines. Methods: UK children (n = 178) who had previously been vaccinated with PCV-13 at 2 and 4 months were randomized to receive either a PCV-13 or a PCV-10 booster at 12 months of age. PCV-13 vaccine-type antipolysaccharide serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) concentrations and opsonophagocytic assay titers were measured before and at 1 and 12 months following vaccination. The primary objective was to assess noninferiority of PCV-10 compared with PCV-13. Results: For 8 of the PCV-10 serotypes at least 97% of participants in both groups had IgG concentrations ≥0.35 g/mL at 1 month after vaccination; inferior responses were seen for serotypes 5 and 9V following the PCV-10 compared with the PCV-13 booster. Post booster geometric mean IgG concentrations and opsonophagocytic assay titers were significantly superior for most serotypes in PCV-13 compared with PCV-10 recipients, whereas similar or inferior responses were seen for serotypes 4, 18C, and 19F. Although some increase in antibody was seen in PCV-10 recipients against the serotypes 6A and 19A (serotypes that cross-react with 6B and 19F in PCV-10, respectively) at 1-month post booster, these responses were significantly lower than in the PCV-13 group. Conclusions: In PCV-13 primed infants, a PCV-10 booster is generally less immunogenic than a PCV-13 booster. For the 3 serotypes in PCV-10 with higher antigen content and/or conjugation to diphtheria or tetanus toxoid carrier proteins, higher or similar booster responses were seen in PCV-10 recipients. Although these findings suggest that responses are generally better with a PCV-13 booster among PCV-13 primed children, the clinical significance of these differences in immunogenicity is unclear.

Original publication

DOI

10.1097/INF.0000000000001180

Type

Journal article

Journal

Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal

Publication Date

01/07/2016

Volume

35

Pages

787 - 793