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People might be attracted to and use complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) because they hold beliefs that are congruent with CAM. This article collates, examines and synthesizes the evidence surrounding this hypothesis. Most studies are cross-sectional and focus on a limited number of beliefs. Multivariate studies suggest that beliefs relat ed to control and participation, perceptions of illness, holism and natural treatments, and general philosophies of life predict CAM use when controlling for demographic and clinical factors. Further research should examine the robustness of these relationships in different illness groups and the prospective relationships among beliefs and CAM use over time. Copyright © 2007 SAGE Publications.

Original publication

DOI

10.1177/1359105307082447

Type

Journal article

Journal

Journal of Health Psychology

Publication Date

01/11/2007

Volume

12

Pages

851 - 867