Implementation of nurse-delivered vestibular rehabilitation in primary care: A qualitative study of nurses' views on involvement in an innovative service
Walsh B., Yardley L., Donovan-Hall M., Smith H.
Aim: To explore practice nurses' perceptions of vestibular rehabilitation and its place in relation to their general role development. Background: Vestibular rehabilitation has been known for a long time to be effective for chronically dizzy patients in secondary care, but its use in primary care has been limited. A recent pragmatic trial of vestibular rehabilitation delivered by practice nurses in primary care has confirmed its utility in a community setting. This type of role is increasingly common for practice nurses, but few studies explore the nurses' perspective. Methods: A qualitative study was undertaken; 19 nurses took part in focus group sessions. Participants discussed their views on vestibular rehabilitation and its potential for integration with their existing role. A thematic analysis of the data was undertaken. Findings: Four main themes were identified: creating a unique nursing role; the therapeutic role; responsibility and role boundaries; and time. Nurses were positive about developing extended roles, but sought ways to achieve this without eroding fundamental nursing skills. Vestibular rehabilitation was seen as fulfilling both the need for a distinct nursing identity and professional development. Concerns over responsibility for patient assessment and time management constraints are potential obstacles to overcome in the wider development of this therapy in primary care. Conclusions: Understanding the perspective of nurses will be vital in future development of chronic disease management within primary care. Whilst nurses may be positive about such role expansion, the implementation of services of this type will require clarity about nurses' responsibilities and flexibility in managing workload. Relevance to clinical practice: Vestibular rehabilitation is simple, low-tech and appropriate for widespread development in primary care. Nurses wishing to provide vestibular rehabilitation or similar chronic disease management activities will need to work with medical colleagues to define role boundaries. © 2007 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.