Web-site-based tailored advice to promote strength and balance training: An experimental evaluation
Nyman SR., Yardley L.
This study evaluated a Web site providing tailored advice to encourage older people to undertake strength and balance training (SBT). Adults age 60-88 (N = 302) were randomized to read either generic advice or advice tailored to their self-perceived balance problems and activity preferences. Between-groups differences in attitudes toward SBT after reading the advice did not quite reach significance (p =.059), but the tailored group reported higher ratings than the generic group that the advice was personally relevant (p =.017) and that the activities would be good for them (p =.047). Within-groups differences in the tailored group showed that completing an action plan increased confidence in undertaking SBT (p =.006). These findings were supported by a meta-analysis that pooled the effect sizes with those of a previous study. Thus, a tailored Web site might be a cost-effective way of encouraging some older people to undertake SBT. © 2009 Human Kinetics, Inc.