Incidence and predictors of single drug discontinuation according to the presence of HCV coinfection in HIV patients from the ICONA Foundation Cohort Study
Leone S., Shanyinde M., Cozzi Lepri A., Lampe FC., Caramello P., Costantini A., Giacometti A., De Luca A., Cingolani A., Ceccherini Silberstein F., Puoti M., Gori A., d’Arminio Monforte A.
© 2018, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature. To evaluate incidence rates of and predictors for any antiretroviral (ART) drug discontinuation by HCV infection status in a large Italian cohort of HIV infected patients. All patients enrolled in ICONA who started combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) containing abacavir or tenofovir or emtricitabine or lamivudine plus efavirenz or rilpivirine or atazanavir/r or darunavir/r (DRV/r) or lopinavir/r or dolutegravir or elvitegravir or raltegravir were included. Multivariate Poisson regression models were used to determine factors independently associated with single ART drug discontinuation. Inverse probability weighting method to control for potential informative censoring was applied. Data from 10,637 patients were analyzed and 1,030 (9.7%) were HCV-Ab positive. Overall, there were 15,464 ART discontinuations due to any reason in 82,415.9 person-years of follow-up (PYFU) for an incidence rate (IR) of 18.8 (95% confidence interval [95%CI] 18.5–19.1) per 100 PYFU. No difference in IR of ART discontinuation due to any reason between HCV-infected and -uninfected patients was found. In a multivariable Poisson regression model, HCV-infected participants were at higher risk of darunavir/r discontinuation due to any reason (adjusted incidence rate ratio = 1.5, 95%CI 1.01–2.22, p value = 0.045) independently of demographics, HIV-related, ART and life-style factors. Among DRV/r treated patients, we found that HCV-viremic patients had twice the risk of ART discontinuation due to any reason than HCV-aviremic patients. In conclusion, HIV/HCV coinfected patients had a marginal risk increase of DRV/r discontinuation due to any reason compared with those without coinfection.