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Engaging Community Pharmacists with Antibiotic Stewardship


Main supervisor: Prof Christopher Butler, Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford

Co-supervisors: Dr Monsey McLeod, Dept. Medicine, Imperial College London and Dr Sarah Tonkin-Crine, Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford

This is a fully-funded studentship.

Project description:

Antibiotic stewardship (AMS) aims to improve antibiotics use and so is fundamentally a human behaviour change issue. Community pharmacists are a common first point of contact for health services by the public and staff often communicate with patients about symptomatic medicines and antibiotic prescriptions. It remains unclear how interactions between community pharmacy staff and the public may be enhanced to reduce inappropriate antibiotic use, and enhance patient self-care. This research will develop a deeper understanding, and then an intervention, to enhance AMS in the community pharmacy setting. This work will involve;

  • A systematic review of evidence investigating public and community pharmacy staff’s attitudes and experiences of AMS activities in the community.
  • An interview study exploring pharmacists’ views of priority drivers for greater involvement in AMS, their experiences and training needs for AMS, and exploring patients’ preferences for pharmacy-led healthcare (with a focus on infections).
  • The co-design of materials to support community pharmacies to deliver evidence-based, safe, infections-relevant self-care advice to patients, tested in a feasibility study. Development of the intervention will be guided by priorities identified with pharmacists and the public from the literature review and qualitative studies.

This interdisciplinary research will draw on expertise from primary care, behavioural science and pharmacy to develop a novel approach to AMS. The research will build links between health professionals and the public, to provide consistent, evidence-based community care for patients. The successful candidate will be enrolled in the DPhil Programme in the University of Oxford’s Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, which will provide additional training opportunities and local student cohort activities.

Further information can be found here:


Apply here:

Please apply directly to the University of Oxford using the general online application for this studentship. The programme is the DPhil in Primary Health Care. Please indicate that you are applying for the Medical Research Foundation National PhD Training Programme in AMR Research in the funding section.