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Research Summary


DPhil: As part of the Evidence-Based Medicine group students undertake global healthcare research project aimed at improving health through the use of evidence-based methods. Students also have the opportunity to  teach epidemiology and evidence based methods and DPhil projects are aimed at achieving actual changes in practice. 

Short Description

Carl Heneghan


Professor of Evidence-Based Medicine

  • Director, CEBM & Programs in EBHC
  • Senior Tutor Kellogg College

Carl Heneghan is Director of the Centre of Evidence-Based Medicine, a General Practitioner and Senior Tutor of Kellogg College.

He is a clinical epidemiologist and so studies patients who see clinicians, especially
those with common problems, and his work focuses on improving the evidence to change practice.

His research interests include NCDs; he currently chairs WHO guidelines on self-care and CVD risk and co-directs a WHO collaboration centre. He is a PI on 4 mutli-centre randomized trials and chairs two NIHR trial steering committees. His research most notably includes the work on the tamiflu systematic reviews.   

Carl's work also includes investigating the evidence base for publication bias and drug and device regulation, and he is an international expert, advising governments, on the regulatory and evidence requirements for devices and drugs, as well as evidence-based projects in the public interest. He is also a founder of the AllTrials campaign.

As a clinical epidemiologist Prof Heneghan has extensive experience in systematic reviews and quantitative methodologies.

He is also co-directs the Oxford Diagnostic Horizon Scanning Centre that identifies innovation likely to have a significant impact on practice along with an interest in diagnostic reasoning and its impact on  decision making.

Professor Heneghan is a reviewer for the Department of Health, NIHR (HTA) Programme, and a member of the NIHR Primary Care Intervention Panel. He is a board member of the NIHR School for Primary Care Research.

Professor Heneghan has considerable experience in teaching undergraduates, postgraduates and teachers of EBM and is the Director of Programs in Evidence-Based Health Care, in conjunction with the Department of Continuing Education. This program currently has 75 Masters Students and 30 DPhil students. He also co-ordinate the teaching Evidence-Based Practice week in Oxford, now in its 20th year. The course has trained over a 1000 teachers worldwide.

Professor Heneghan has over 150 peer reviewed publications and has co-authored the EBM toolkit (BMJ-Blackwell’s), the Statistics Toolkit (BMJ-Blackwell’s) and is an editor of a series of BMJ-Blackwell’s toolkits and, developed with the BMJ the ‘Doctors Toolbag’ iPhone application and the EvidenceLive conference, now in its 5th year.

He runs an active twitter account (@cebmblog) and blogs at:

ItunesU podcasts to download

Conflicts of interest and payments

Carl Heneghan has received expenses and payments for his media work from Channel 4, BBC, FreshOne TV productions and the Guardian. He has received expenses from the WHO and the US FDA, and holds grant funding from the the NIHR, the National School of Primary Care Research, The Wellcome Trust and the WHO. In addition, he is an expert witness in an ongoing medical device legal case, has received payment from BUPA for analysing and appraising guidelines and receives income from the publication of a series of toolkit books published by Blackwells. On occasion he receives expenses for teaching EBM and is also paid for his GP work in the out of hours service in Oxford.   He is a director of CEBMi, which produces an iphone application with the BMJ, but receives no payment for this activity.     

Recent Publications

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