Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

© 2018, © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Introduction: The chronic care model (CCM) provides a holistic approach for managing chronic illnesses. Patients with rare liver diseases (RLD) have complex needs, impaired quality of life and often life-threatening complications. Most RLD meet the criteria for a long-term chronic condition and should be viewed through the prism of CCM. We aimed to ascertain whether the CCM has been considered for the frequently-encountered RLD. Methods: MEDLINE®/PubMed®/Cochrane/EMBASE were searched to identify publications relating to the use of the CCM for the management of six RLD. We identified 33 articles eligible for inclusion. Results: Six, eleven, one, thirteen, two and zero studies, discussed individual components of the CCM for autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), primary sclerosing cirrhosis (PSC), Wilsons disease (WD), alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (A1AD) and lysosomal acid lipase deficiency (LALd) respectively. We have not identified studies using the full CCM for any of the aforementioned RLD. Discussion: Unlike in common chronic conditions e.g. diabetes, there has been limited consideration of the use of CCM (or its components) for the management of RLD. This may reflect a reluctance of the clinical community to view these diseases as chronic or lack of healthcare policy investment in rare diseases in general.

Original publication




Journal article


Expert Review of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Publication Date





829 - 841