The role of the chronic care model in promoting the management of the patient with rare liver disease
Pericleous M., Kelly C., Ala A., De Lusignan S.
© 2018, © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Introduction: The chronic care model (CCM) provides a holistic approach for managing chronic illnesses. Patients with rare liver diseases (RLD) have complex needs, impaired quality of life and often life-threatening complications. Most RLD meet the criteria for a long-term chronic condition and should be viewed through the prism of CCM. We aimed to ascertain whether the CCM has been considered for the frequently-encountered RLD. Methods: MEDLINE®/PubMed®/Cochrane/EMBASE were searched to identify publications relating to the use of the CCM for the management of six RLD. We identified 33 articles eligible for inclusion. Results: Six, eleven, one, thirteen, two and zero studies, discussed individual components of the CCM for autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), primary sclerosing cirrhosis (PSC), Wilsons disease (WD), alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (A1AD) and lysosomal acid lipase deficiency (LALd) respectively. We have not identified studies using the full CCM for any of the aforementioned RLD. Discussion: Unlike in common chronic conditions e.g. diabetes, there has been limited consideration of the use of CCM (or its components) for the management of RLD. This may reflect a reluctance of the clinical community to view these diseases as chronic or lack of healthcare policy investment in rare diseases in general.