The future incidence, prevalence and costs of stroke in the UK
King D., Wittenberg R., Patel A., Quayyum Z., Berdunov V., Knapp M.
<p><strong>Background:</strong> We project incidence and prevalence of stroke in the UK and associated costs to society to 2035. We include future costs of health care, social care, unpaid care and lost productivity, drawing on recent estimates that there are almost one million people living with stroke and the current cost of their care is £26 billion.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> We developed a model to produce projections, building on earlier work to estimate the costs of stroke care by age, gender and other characteristics. Our cell-based simulation model uses the 2014-based Office for National Statistics population projections; future trends in incidence and prevalence rates of stroke derived from an expert consultation exercise; and data from the Office for Budget Responsibility on expected future changes in productivity and average earnings.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Between 2015 and 2035, the number of strokes in the UK per year is projected to increase by 60% and the number of stroke survivors is projected to more than double. Under current patterns of care, the societal cost is projected to almost treble in constant prices over the period. The greatest increase is projected to be in social care costs – both public and private – which we anticipate will rise by as much as 250% between 2015 and 2035.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The costs of stroke care in the UK are expected to rise rapidly over the next two decades unless measures to prevent strokes and to reduce the disabling effects of strokes can be successfully developed and implemented.</p>