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© 2020 The Authors. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists Objective: To explore the healthcare experiences of parents whose baby died either before, during or shortly after birth between 20+0 and 23+6 weeks of gestation in order to identify practical ways to improve healthcare provision. Design: Qualitative interview study. Setting: England through two parent support organisations and four NHS Trusts. Sample: A purposive sample of parents. Methods: Thematic analysis of semi-structured in-depth narrative interviews. Main outcome measures: Parents’ healthcare experiences. Results: The key overarching theme to emerge from interviews with 38 parents was the importance of the terminology used to refer to the death of their baby. Parents who were told they were ‘losing a baby’ rather than ‘having a miscarriage’ were more prepared for the realities of labour, the birth experience and for making decisions around seeing and holding their baby. Appropriate terminology validated their loss, and impacted on parents’ health and wellbeing immediately following bereavement and in the longer term. Conclusion: For parents experiencing the death of their baby at the margins between miscarriage, stillbirth and neonatal death, ensuring the use of appropriate terminology that reflects parents’ preferences is vital. This helps to validate their loss and prepare them for the experiences of labour and birth. Reflecting parents’ language preferences combined with compassionate bereavement care is likely to have a positive impact on parents’ experiences and improve longer-term outcomes. Tweetable abstract: Describing baby loss shortly before 24 weeks of gestation as a ‘miscarriage’ does not prepare parents for labour and birth, seeing their baby and making memories.

Original publication




Journal article


BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Publication Date





868 - 874