Crisis plans in a home treatment team before and after a quality improvement programme
Tan E., Higginbotham A., McQueen L., Bhui K.
Aims and method: To measure the take-up of formal crisis plans in a specialist home treatment team (HTT) serving an ethnically diverse urban population; and to implement a quality improvement programme and measure its impact on crisis plan completion. Two audits were completed of patients before and after the implementation of a quality improvement programme. Descriptive data are shown by ethnic group, by gender, and for people with multiple hospital admissions. Results: At baseline, 16.7% of patients at high risk of admission had an HTT crisis plan, compared with 26.7% of a comparison group. Only 23.1% of the crisis plans for patients with a history of frequent admission mentioned the prevention of future admissions. Crisis plan completion improved following the quality improvement programme, when 80.0% of discharges had an HTT crisis plan; of these, 73.0% mentioned admission prevention. In the follow-up audit, 22.7% of patients in the multiple admission group had been readmitted to hospital at least once. Crisis plan completion did not appear to differ by ethnic group or gender and did not appear to be related to hospital readmission. Clinical implications: Crisis plan completion improved with simple practical methods, but completion was unrelated to gender, ethnicity or later readmission.