Piloting opportunistic cardiovascular risk assessment at a faith community event
Faizur Rahman ME., Ajumal HA., Latif A., Waqar S.
Abstract Funding Acknowledgements Type of funding sources: None. Background Ethnic minority populations in the United Kingdom (UK) are known to have higher rates of undiagnosed and poorly controlled hypertension and metabolic disease (1). Muslims in the UK make up a significant proportion of these populations, and have lower reported rates of well-being and satisfaction with health services (2). Tailoring interventions to target under-served populations and activate positive health behaviours has been shown to improve uptake and outcomes (3). Purpose We undertook an opportunistic pilot intervention to explore the potential of using faith-placed community assets to identify undiagnosed and poorly managed cases of hypertension, diabetes, and explore cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Methods A community event was organised for Indian-origin Tamil speaking Muslims who gathered from across the UK in November 2021. We piloted a short CVD risk assessment intervention to take place during this event, delivered by doctors from the same community. Participants consented for assessment of body mass index (BMI), blood pressure (BP), random capillary blood glucose (CBG), and manual pulse rhythm check (with a commercially available smartphone based single-lead electrocardiogram device where needed). We also calculated the 10-year CVD risk using a nationally validated 10-year CVD risk calculator. The intervention was culturally tailored, specifically with men and women examined by the same sex and participants being given an Islamic reminder on good health to encourage their involvement. Results 35 attendees were assessed in total. 33/35 (94%) attendees were 60-years-old or less. 18/35 (51%) had an elevated blood pressure reading (systolic BP ≥ 140mmHg or diastolic BP ≥ 90mmHg on both arms), with only 3/18 (17%) having a prior diagnosis of hypertension. Only 17/35 consented to CBG measurement, of which 4/17 (23%) had random CBG levels of >11.1 mmol/L with 3/17 having CBG levels of >25 mmol/L - none of them were known to have diabetes. 9/35 (26%) had 10-year CVD risk of >10%. 6/9 (67%) of these were not on statin therapy. 24/35 (69%) had elevated BMI, with 9/24 (37%) having a BMI of ≥ 30 kg/m2. None of the attendees had an irregular pulse to suggest arrhythmia. Full characteristics are shown in Figure 1 and results are further detailed in Figure 2. In Summary, 29/35 (83%) had at least one abnormal finding on assessment. All participants with abnormal findings were signposted to seek formal diagnosis and management through their general practitioner, and were offered lifestyle advice. Conclusions This brief and targeted intervention was successful at detecting undiagnosed cases of probable hypertension and hyperglycaemia, as well as identifying cases who would benefit from primary CVD risk prevention. Further research is needed to understand the scalability and feasibility of this approach to wider populations.