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Economic evaluation provides a framework for assessing the costs and consequences of alternative programmes or interventions. One common vehicle for economic evaluations in the healthcare context is the decision-analytic model, which synthesizes information on parameter inputs (for example, probabilities or costs of clinical events or health states) from multiple sources and requires application of mathematical techniques, usually within a software program. A plethora of decision-analytic modelling-based economic evaluations of orthopaedic interventions have been published in recent years. This annotation outlines a number of issues that can help readers, reviewers, and decision-makers interpret evidence from decision-analytic modelling-based economic evaluations of orthopaedic interventions.Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2023;105-B(1):17-20.

Original publication




Journal article


Bone Joint J

Publication Date





17 - 20


Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry, Decision modelling, Economic evaluation, displaced femoral neck fractures, dual-mobility components, meniscal tear, orthopaedic research, orthopaedic surgery, randomized controlled trial, sensitivity analysis, statistical analysis, total hip arthroplasty