A paradigm shift in cystic fibrosis nutritional care: Clinicians' views on the management of patients with overweight and obesity
Snowball JE., Flight WG., Heath L., Koutoukidis DA.
Background: Overweight and obesity among people with cystic fibrosis (pwCF) has become more prevalent since the widespread adoption of CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) modulator therapies and presents a new challenge for nutritional care. We aimed to explore how clinicians working in CF care approach the management of adults with overweight and obesity. Methods: We conducted semi-structured interviews with n = 20 clinicians (n = 6 physiotherapists, n = 6 doctors and n = 8 dietitians) working in 15 adult CF centres in the United Kingdom. The interviews explored their perspectives and current practices caring for people with CF and overweight/obesity. Data were analysed using reflexive thematic analysis. Results: Four main themes were identified: 1) challenges of raising the topic of overweight and obesity in the CF clinic (e.g., clinician-patient rapport and concerns around weight stigma); 2) the changing landscape of assessment due to CF-specific causes of weight gain: (e.g., impact of CFTR modulators and CF legacy diet) 3) presence of clinical equipoise for weight management due to the lack of CF-specific evidence on the consequences of obesity and intentional weight loss (e.g., unclear consequences on respiratory outcomes and risk of weight related co-morbidities) and 4) opportunities for a safe, effective, and acceptable weight management treatment for people with CF (e.g., working collaboratively with current multidisciplinary CF care). Conclusions: Approaching weight management in the CF setting is complex. Trials are needed to assess the equipoise of weight management interventions in this group and CF-specific issues should be considered when developing such interventions.