ALPPS in neuroendocrine liver metastases not amenable for conventional resection – lessons learned from an interim analysis of the International ALPPS Registry
Linecker M., Kambakamba P., Raptis DA., Malagó M., Ratti F., Aldrighetti L., Robles-Campos R., Lehwald-Tywuschik N., Knoefel WT., Balci D., Ardiles V., De Santibañes E., Truant S., Pruvot FR., Stavrou GA., Oldhafer KJ., Voskanyan S., Mahadevappa B., Kozyrin I., Low JK., Ferrri V., Vicente E., Prachalias A., Pizanias M., Clift AK., Petrowsky H., Clavien PA., Frilling A.
Background: Surgery is the most effective treatment option for neuroendocrine liver metastases (NELM). This study investigated the role of associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) as a novel strategy in treatment of NELM. Methods: The International ALPPS Registry was reviewed to study patients who underwent ALPPS for NELM. Results: From 2010 to 2017, 954 ALPPS procedures from 135 international centers were recorded in the International ALPPS Registry. Of them, 24 (2.5%) were performed for NELM. Twenty-one patients entered the final analysis. Overall grade ≥3b morbidity was 9% after stage 1 and 27% after stage 2. Ninety-day mortality was 5%. R0 resection was achieved in 19 cases (90%) at stage 2. Median follow-up was 28 (19–48) months. Median disease free survival (DFS) was 17.3 (95% CI: 7.1–27.4) months, 1-year and 2-year DFS was 73.2% and 41.8%, respectively. Median overall survival (OS) was not reached. One-year and 2-year OS was 95.2% and 95.2%, respectively. Conclusions: ALPPS appears to be a suitable strategy for inclusion in the multimodal armamentarium of well-selected patients with neuroendocrine liver metastases. In light of the morbidity in this initial series and a high rate of disease-recurrence, the procedure should be taken with caution.