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Data were collected for Joyce's doctoral dissertation (2017-2019) and supplanted with Sterphone's own collection (2019). These video data were edited using Adobe Premiere Pro and transcribed using Microsoft word. Data include video recordings of disputes transpiring in public spaces, and Jeffersonian transcriptions of those recordings.

Original publication






University of Oxford

Publication Date



Conversation analysis, Disputes, Race, Membership categorisation analysis, Bystander intervention, Participation frameworks