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INTRODUCTION: Cabotegravir and rilpivirine (CAB+RPV long-acting (LA)) is recommended as a treatment for HIV-1 allowing people living with HIV to receive 2 monthly injectable treatment, rather than daily pills. Providing injectable therapy in a system designed to provide and manage study participants on oral treatments poses logistical challenges namely how resources are used to accommodate patient preference within constrained health economies with capacity limitations. In this pragmatic multicentre study, we aim to understand the implementation of CAB-RPV-LA administration in two settings via mixed methods to explore perspectives of participants and the clinical team delivering CAB+RPV LA. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Women, racially minoritised people and older people are chronically under-represented in HIV clinical trials so the ILANA trial has set recruitment caps to ensure recruitment of 50% women, 50% ethnically diverse people and 30% over 50 years of age to include a more representative study population. Using a mixed-methods approach, the primary objective is to identify and evaluate the critical implementation strategies for CAB+RPV LA in both hospital and community settings. Secondary objectives include evaluating feasibility and acceptability of CAB+RPV LA administration at UK clinics and community settings from the perspective of HIV care providers, nurses and representatives at community sites, evaluating barriers to implementation, the utility of implementation strategies and adherence. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval has been obtained from the Health Research Authority Research Ethics Committee (REC reference: 22/PR/0318). The dissemination strategy has been formulated with the SHARE Collaborative Community Advisory Board to maximise the impact of this work on clinical care and policy. This strategy draws on and leverages existing resources within the participating organisations, such as their academic infrastructure, professional relationships and community networks. The strategy will leverage the Public Engagement Team and press office to support dissemination of findings. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT05294159.

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Journal article


BMJ open

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