Treatment patterns and survival in HER2-positive early breast cancer: a whole-of-population Australian cohort study (2007–2016)
Tang M., Schaffer A., Kiely BE., Daniels B., Simes RJ., Lee CK., Pearson SA.
Background: Randomised clinical trials (RCTs) demonstrate that trastuzumab improves survival in patients with human epidermal growth factor 2-positive early breast cancer (HER2 + EBC), but real-world patients and clinical practice often differ from RCTs. We examine real-world treatment patterns and outcomes associated with trastuzumab for HER2 + EBC. Methods: We identified all Australians dispensed trastuzumab for HER2 + EBC between 1/1/2007 and 30/6/2016. We estimated the proportion of patients completing 12 months of treatment (defined as ≥350 days of exposure within 540 days of initiation). We estimated overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) by using trastuzumab dispensing for metastatic breast cancer as a surrogate for recurrence. Results: Our study included 14,644 patients. Among patients with ≥540 days of follow-up (n = 11,903), 67.4% completed 12 months of trastuzumab. OS rates at 5 and 9 years were 92.7 and 87.9%, and RFS rates at 5 and 9 years were 86.8 and 81.4%, respectively. Patients who completed 12 months of trastuzumab had a 9-year OS rate of 90.2% compared with 86.2% among patients receiving <12 months of therapy (adjusted HR 0.71, 95% CI 0.62–0.81). Conclusions: Real-world HER2 + EBC patients are less likely to complete 12 months of trastuzumab than some clinical trial counterparts but have survival outcomes comparable to those reported in landmark RCTs.