Blood, dose recommendation reports and phone calls: Experiences of a therapeutic drug monitoring advisory service for vancomycin
Carland JE., Stacy AE., Schaffer AL., Day RO., Brett J., Reuter SE., Stocker SL.
Dose-prediction software is recommended to enable area under the curve over 24 h (AUC24)-guided dosing of the antibiotic vancomycin. However, uncertainty remains about how best to implement software in the clinic. We describe the activity, over 18 months, of a consultative therapeutic drug monitoring Advisory Service (the Service) for vancomycin that used dose-prediction software alongside clinical expertise, identifying factors that influence attainment of therapeutic targets. Of the 408 vancomycin dose reports provided for 182 courses of therapy, most (57%) recommended a dose change. The majority (82.8%, 193/233) of recommended dose adjustments were accepted by treating teams. A dose report was not published for 125 courses of therapy, with reasons including patient in intensive care unit or service error. An estimated 26.6 h of staff time was allocated to Service activities each month. Publication of a dose report facilitated attainment of therapeutic targets (P =.002). Software integration could improve Service outcomes, avoiding errors and reducing staff workload.