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Background: Play is essential for the cognitive, social, and emotional development of all children. Disparities potentially exist in access to play for children with disabilities, and the extent of this inequity is unknown. Methods: Data from 212,194 children aged 2–4 years in 38 Low and Middle-Income Countries were collected in the UNICEF supported Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (2017–2020). Disability was assessed by the Washington Group-Child Functioning Module. Logistic regression models were applied to investigate the relationship between disability and play opportunities, controlling for age, sex, and wealth status. Meta-analysis was used to pool the estimates (overall, and disaggregated by sex), with heterogeneity assessed by Cochran's Q test. Findings: Children with disabilities have approximately 9% fewer play opportunities than those without disabilities (adjusted RR [aRR] = 0.88, 95% CI = 0.82–0.93), and this varied across countries. Mongolia and Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe had the lowest likelihood of play opportunities for children with disabilities ((aRR = 0.26, 95% CI = 0.09–0.75; aRR = 0.46, 95% CI = 0.23–0.93, respectively). Moreover, children with disabilities are 17% less likely to be provided with opportunities to play with their mothers (aRR = 0.83, 95% CI: 0.73–0.93), which is further reduced for girls with disabilities (aRR = 0.74, 95% CI: 0.60–0.90) compared to their peers without disabilities. The associations varied by impairment type, and children with communication and learning impairments are less likely to have opportunities for play with aRR of 0.69 (95% CI: 0.60–0.79) and 0.78 (95% CI: 0.71–0.86), compared to those without disabilities, respectively. Interpretation: Children with disabilities are being left behind in their access to play and this is likely to have negative impacts on their overall development and well-being. Funding: HK and TS are funded by HK's NIHR Global Research Professorship (NIHR301621). SR is funded by a Rhodes Scholarship. This study was funded by the Programme for Evidence to Inform Disability Action (PENDA) grant from the UK Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office.

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