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BACKGROUND: During the COVID-19 pandemic many patients were switched from warfarin to DOACs which require the creatinine clearance calculated to ensure the correct dose is prescribed to avoid bleeding or reduced efficacy. AIM: To identify the study population proportion prescribed a DOAC. Of these, the proportion with recorded: weight, estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR), creatinine, creatinine clearance (CrCl) and atrial fibrillation (AF). To analyse the proportion of patients with recorded AF and CrCl prescribed a recommended DOAC dose. DESIGN & SETTING: A retrospective cohort study of 20.5 million adult NHS patients' electronic health records (EHRs) in England in the OpenSAFELY-TPP platform (January 2018 to February 2023). METHOD: Patients on DOACs were analysed for age, sex, recorded weight, eGFR, creatinine, CrCl and AF. Prescribed DOAC doses in patients with recorded AF were compared to recommended doses for recorded CrCl and determined as either recommended, underdose or overdose. RESULTS: In February 2023, weight, eGFR, creatinine, CrCl, AF and, AF and CrCl were recorded in 72.8%; 92.4%; 94.3%; 73.5%; 73.9% of study population respectively. Both AF and CrCl were recorded for 56.7% of patients. Of these, 86.2% received the recommended and 13.8% non-recommended DOAC doses. CONCLUSIONS: CrCl is not recorded for a substantial number of patients on DOACs. We recommend that national organisations tasked with safety, collectively update guidance on the appropriate weight to use in the Cockcroft-Gault equation, clarify that CrCl is not equivalent to eGFR and work with GP clinical system suppliers to standardise the calculation of CrCl in the EHR.

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Journal article



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COVID-19, DOAC, creatinine clearance