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The accuracy of actigraphy for sleep staging is assumed to be poor, but examination is limited. This systematic review aimed to assess the performance of actigraphy in sleep stage classification of adults. A systematic search was performed using MEDLINE, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and Embase databases. We identified eight studies that compared sleep architecture estimates between wrist-worn actigraphy and polysomnography. Large heterogeneity was found with respect to how sleep stages were grouped, and the choice of metrics used to evaluate performance. Quantitative synthesis was not possible, so we performed a narrative synthesis of the literature. From the limited number of studies, we found that actigraphy-based sleep staging had some ability to classify different sleep stages compared with polysomnography.

Original publication




Journal article


J Sleep Res

Publication Date



accelerometer, actigraphy, polysomnography, sleep staging, systematic review, validity