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Alternatively activated macrophages express the pattern recognition receptor scavenger receptor A (SR-A).We demonstrated previously that coculture of macrophages with tumor cells upregulates macrophage SR-A expression.We show in this study that macrophage SR-A deficiency inhibits tumor cell migration in a coculture assay. We further demonstrate that coculture of tumorassociated macrophages and tumor cells induces secretion of factors that are recognized by SR-A on tumor-associated macrophages. We tentatively identified several potential ligands for the SR-A receptor in tumor cell-macrophage cocultures by mass spectrometry. Competing with the coculture-induced ligand in our invasion assay recapitulates SR-A deficiency and leads to similar inhibition of tumor cell invasion. In line with our in vitro findings, tumor progression and metastasis are inhibited in SR-A -/- mice in two in vivo models of ovarian and pancreatic cancer. Finally, treatment of tumor-bearing mice with 4F, a small peptide SR-A ligand able to compete with physiological SR-A ligands in vitro, recapitulates the inhibition of tumor progression and metastasis observed in SR-A -/- mice. Our observations suggest that SR-A may be a potential drug target in the prevention of metastatic cancer progression. Copyright © 2013 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc.

Original publication

DOI

10.4049/jimmunol.1203194

Type

Journal article

Journal

Journal of Immunology

Publication Date

01/04/2013

Volume

190

Pages

3798 - 3805