Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

© 2017 Elsevier B.V. Heart failure (HF) is a common condition affecting predominantly older people. Symptoms include breathlessness and fatigue, and can significantly reduce quality of life. HF rarely occurs in isolation, with most patients having several co-existing diseases requiring multiple medications. There is a large evidence base for treatment of HF with reduced ejection fraction, or HFrEF; however, many of the trials did not include older people with multimorbidity so their findings should be applied to this group with some caution. The evidence for treatment of HF with preserved ejection fraction, or HFpEF, is much less well established in all age groups. Older people with HF are usually managed in primary care with input from specialist HF teams when needed. General practitioners are trained to take a generalist approach, which allows them to deliver holistic, person-centred care. The wider multidisciplinary team is also important during the patient's HF journey, with a particular need to consider palliative care towards the end of life. This article summarises the important aspects of HF management in older people from the perspective of primary care.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





26 - 30