Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.


Geoff's research interest is in the use of realist approaches to make sense of and/or understand the implementation of complex health and social interventions. Only students who are interested in using realist synthesis and/or realist evaluation in their DPhil research (on a full or part-time basis at the Department in Oxford) are invited to contact him.

Current DPHil students

Thi Quynh Giao Vu (Giao)

Katherine Kalaris

Angille Heintzman

Michelle Treacy

Rosie Cooper

Babar Akbar

Devon McConnell

Geoff Wong


Associate Professor of Primary Care

  • Deputy Director of Graduate Studies

Geoff joined the Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences team in March 2015. He is a highly experienced and internationally recognised expert in realist synthesis and evaluation and works closely with researchers in the field of evidence syntheses of complex health and social interventions.

Clinically he works as a salaried General Practitioner (GP) in London. His previous academic appointments were at University College London and Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry.

He gained his first degree in Medical Sciences from the University of Cambridge and his MBBS from Guys and St Thomas’ Hospital. He undertook his vocational training in north London and was a GP Principal for almost two decades and a GP Trainer. His MD(Res) on the use of the Internet in medical education was supervised by Professors Trish Greenhalgh and Ray Pawson.

Geoff’s research centres on making sense of complex health and social interventions in which context and human agency are key. His work focuses on using realist synthesis and realist evaluations to explain and understand these types of interventions.

Researchers interested in realist syntheses or realist evaluations may wish to join the RAMESES JISCMail email list or visit the RAMESES Projects website.


Current research projects:

  • Optimising the deLIvery of Mental health support to adolescents in care vIa low-inTensity LifE Story work: a realist evaluation with co-deSign and feasibility trial [LIMITLESS 2] (funder: NIHR HS&DR Programme)
  • Evaluating the Implementation of a Mental Health Joint Response Car with Young People and Families (funder: NIHR HS&DR Programme)
  • Optimising general practice support for autistic adults: A realist review (funder: NIHR RfPB Programme)
  • Carer involvement in the transfer of medicines-related care for patients moving from hospital to home: a realist review (funder: NIHR RfPB Programme)
  • Food Glorious Food: A mixed methods evaluation of food-related practices in post-diagnostic community-based group support for people affected by dementia (funder: NIHR RfPB Programme)
  • The future of care at First Referral Hospitals in sub-Saharan Africa - place, people, technologies and task-sharing (funder: Wellcome Trust)
  • Tailoring cultural offers with and for diverse  older users  of social prescribing (TOUS): A realist evaluation (funder: UKRI)
  • How interventions to facilitate help-seeking for anxiety and/or depression work among community dwelling older adults: a realist review (funder: NIHR SPCR)
  • Integrated Palliative Care in Oncology: a Realist Synthesis (funder: NIHR HS&DR Programme)
  • Using Realist Evaluation and Participatory Action Research Approaches to Co-Design a Mindfulness-Based Literacy Intervention for use in Early Years Settings (The Little Minds Project) (funder: The Joyce Morris Research Programme)
  • How might Physician Associates help (or not) address the workforce crisis in the NHS? (funder: NIHR HS&DR Programme)
  • REAL2 – realist review of participatory engagement (funder: Wellcome Trust)
  • Developing interventions to reduce ‘missingness’ in health care (funder: NIHR HS&DR Programme)
  • Developing Realist Economic Evaluation Methods (REEM) and Guidance to Evaluate the Effectiveness, Costs, and Benefits of Complex Interventions (funder: NIHR HS&DR Programme)

  • Care Under Pressure 3: Optimising the delivery and impacts of interventions to reduce hospital doctors’ mental ill-health in the NHS (funder: NIHR HS&DR Programme)
  • The clinical, social and cost effectiveness of a decision support tool to optimise community-based tailored management of sleep (TIMES) for people living with dementia or mild cognitive impairment and sleep disturbance: TIMES –TaIlored ManagEment of Sleep (funder: NIHR PGfAR)
  • Post-Diagnostic Dementia Support within the ReCOVERY College Model: A Realist Evaluation (DISCOVERY) (funder: NIHR HS&DR Programme)
  • REalist Synthesis Of non-pharmacologicaL interVEntions for antipsychotic-induced weight gain (RESOLVE) (funder: NIHR HS&DR Programme)
  • Optimising the delivery of remediation programmes for doctors: A participatory co-design and realist evaluation approach (RESTORE 2) (funder: NIHR HS&DR Programme)
  • Assessing the impact of introducing online postal self-sampling for sexually transmitted infections into sexual health provision within the UK on health inequalities, access to care and clinical outcomes (funder: NIHR HS&DR Programme)

Completed research projects: